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Orchid friendly insects 

         No meio ambiente todos os seres they live in ecological balance, preventing a certain being from establishing itself as a pest on the verge of extinguishing a culture. 

         Infelizmente em nosso cultivo temos muita difficulty maintaining that balance. When an insecticide is applied, not only the insects that are pests are affected, but also those that would often feed on the pest, helping to protect our orchids.   Worse, these beneficial species are often more affected by our pesticides than the pests themselves, so that later on the pests reign freely in our culture. 

         Pretendemos aqui conhecer várias espécies que are our collaborators in the cultivation

1 - LADYBUGS (Coccinellidae)

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136 Fobad5cf5r8d we can confuse ladybugs with the terrible cows or devils that cause us great damage (see section on pests). 

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d The main thing is to differentiate them according to size body: ladybugs have a round body and diabrotics have an oval body. 

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58 are great dragonflies; both the larva and the adult form. 

Joaninhas amigas das orquideas hortas

2 - SCISSORS (Dermaptera)

The Dermaptera order, popularly known as earwigs, is made up of predatory insects com more than 1800 species distributed around de780world_cc5bad5cc5 5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_

Their great predatory capacity has highlighted them in their use as biological control agents, with a great preference for feeding on aphids, caterpillars and even beetles.  


They are so called because they lay their eggs in the body of another insect, where they develop by consuming and killing it. In this way, they are useful in controlling many insects  that attack orchids. 

Vespas parasitas amigos das orquideas cultivo pragas
Vespa parasita orquidea insetos beneficos

4 - Chrysopids

        São popularmente conhecidos como "Bicho lixeiro. _cc781905-5cde-3194- bb3b-136bad5cf58d_These are small insects, usually greenish with transparent, very fragile-looking wings. They usually fly at dusk. They lay their eggs on plants, but their larvae do not care about plants, they are actually great devourers of other insects._cc781905-5cde- 3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d these larvae still have a curious body remains of the insects they devour,   looking like the body is covered in rubbish, hence the name lychee beaks. 

Bicho lixeiro crisopideo amigo das orquideas cultivo pragas


      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d With thousands of spiders spread across the world little bug that a lot of people can't even hear about.   Clever and great hunters, they are often wronged by man, since it is rare for someone bitten by spiders, and who receives treatment, will die. 

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d -la, but to add that they are great devourers of insects that can become pests in our orchidary. 

6 - Syrphidae Sp. 


        Moscas popularly also known as "Dedinho" or "Flower fly". 136bad5cf58d_

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d The larval stage is fed mainly by the contagions apulons and thrips. 

Syrphidae mosca dedinho amigo das orquideas cultivo pragas

7 - Predator wasps

        When most people hear about wasps, they already have the instinct to kill them.   Somehow this instinct is justified due to its aggressiveness. But it is precisely this aggressiveness that makes them so useful to us. It is this same voracity that they use to attack and devour many insects that are pests in our orchidary. 

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d it is a mere instinct to defend her young, in the best way that a mother protects her children. 

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58 perhaps best characterize us in the attack be a side effect of having them as allies in our culture. 

    There are several genres that are very useful for us: Brachygastra, Mischocyttarus, Polistes, Polybia, Protonectarina,_cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b- 136bad5cf58d_Protopolybia, among others.

          A figura anexa, mostra several images that may be very familiar, all of wasp genera that are merciless with the pests in your orchidary. 

Vespas predadoras amigas das orquídeas cultivo pragas

8 - Mantis - God

        Existem mais de 2400 especies desse simpático inseto, mas não se engane, behind its peaceful appearance (as if it were praying) hides a large ambush predator, which is facilitated by the ease with which it camouflages itself in the vegetation. 

They are predators that do not have venom and use strong claws to grab prey and devour them  (flies, bees, grasshoppers, cicadas, etc.)

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d Not to be fooled by appearances , in mating, the male serves as food for "his beloved". The female grabs her mate by the neck, rips off and eats his head. Interestingly, the "rest" of the male's body continues to act to complete the female's fertilization - an incredible reality.  Once the "nuptials" are over, the female hides among the leaves and goes to "pray"

Louva Deus amigo das orquideas cultivo pragas

9 - Bed bugs (hemiptera)

      There are several species of bed bugs, which can be classified according to their eating habits:81 mycetophagous_cc-75 -bb3b-136bad5cf58d_(comem fungos); algófagos (comem algas); fitófagos (comem_cc781905 -5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_vegetais); predadores (alimentam-se de insetos); hematófagos_cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b -136bad5cf58d_(they suck the blood of vertebrates).

    Predators are mainly interested in defending our orchids.  These they feed  on other insects, sucking their hemolymph, contributing  to the pest population balance, thus reducing the need for insecticides. As an example of the group, we can mention species of the families Pentatomidae (Alcaeorrhynchus grandis, Podisus 5b5b-sp. 3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_sp.), Reduvidae (Zelus leucogrammus; Apiomerus nigrilobus - predador de abelhas; Opistacidius_cc781905-5cde-3194- bb3b-136bad5cf58d_sp. - predator of barbers), Lygaeidae (Geocoris sp.), Anthocoridae (Orius_cc781905-5cde-3b5cfd-3194-bb3bd8d3194).   See images of predatory bedbugs in the table beside. 

Insetos percevejos benéficos uteis
insetos percevejso beneficos orquídea

10 - Dragonfly

        As libélulas são mais uma das prepresentantes do insetos _cc781905-5cde-3194 -bb3b-136bad5cf58d_cute-looking and romantica that roam our garden, but are actually great hunters that use their keen 360-degree vision to snap up their prey, being able to eat up to 600 mosquitoes in a single day.

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58 not restricted to the predatory phase.   In the larval stage it lives in the water, when it already shows all its aggressiveness, even eating tadpoles and small fish. 

      _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d I'm sure you'll want some of them_ routinely strolling through his nursery.

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